RAW RICE

What is Raw Rice? Is There Any Difference Between Rice and Raw Rice?

The uncooked form of rice is called Raw Rice. There is no significant difference is found between the rice. According to the commercial market, Rice Raw is classified according to their sizes. Mainly three different types of rice are available in the market.

  • Long Grain Rice
  • Medium Grain Rice
  • Short Grain Rice

In the milled processes, the husk and outer bran have removed from the rice in raw conditions.

What is the Difference Between Raw Rice vs Boiled Rice?

The uncooked form of rice has come directly from agricultural land. The starch presents in the rice is in the basic form.

Boiled rice is the rice of cooked form. The processing of boiled rice has been done with the help of three steps. These steps are soaking, steaming and drying. The starch presents in the rice is in gel form.

Types of Raw Rice in the World

The rice is broadly differentiated into two types in the world. These two types of rice are

  • African
  • Oriental

The most famous Oryza sativa (Oriental) is cultivated in India as well as in China.

Raw Rice is categorized under four major categories which are as follows

  • Rice, which is from the tropical and sub-tropical region of the world such as India, China, etc.
  • Japonica Rice is typically grown in the region like a cooler climate.
  • Aromatic Rice like Jasmine from Thailand and Basmati from India and Pakistan.
  • Glutinous rice is grown mostly in Southeast Asia.

Indian Raw Rice is differentiated under Basmati and Non-Basmati Categories

Above all these categories, India accounts for more than 75 percent of global trade on rice. Japonica rice accounts for 12 percent of global trade. Aromatic and Basmati Rice account for 10 percent of global trade.

Raw Rice Cultivation & Production in India

The rice is widely grown in India because it is a tropical country, the average temperature required for rice cultivation is 21 to 37 Degree Celcius and this type of humid environment in India is suitable for Raw Rice cultivation.

  • The production of rice is found throughout India. Almost half of the states in India cultivated rice. West Bengal is leading in the rice production among all other states of India. Every year 14.71 million tons of rice are produced in West Bengal. Uttar Pradesh is the second-largest producing state which is followed by Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, etc.
  • Some other states which contribute to the largest production of rice are Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, odisha, Assam.
  • Since the staple food of India is rice, every year the domestic consumption of rice has increased due to the increased population of India.
  • Rice contributes more than 40 percent of the country’s total grain production. The production of rice is 115.6 million tons in 2018 to 2019.

Nutritional Benefits of Raw Rice

There are several Benefits of Eating Raw Rice which are as follows:

  • Rice provides instant energy to human bodies. The main component of the rice is carbohydrates which is very essential for our body growth. Carbohydrates make our bone strong. 7 to 12 percent protein is present in the rice. A little amount of amino acid and fat are also found.
  • Some vitamins are present in the rice such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Vitamin E, Vitamin D, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, panthothenic acid, pyridoxine, Vitamin B12, folate, and choline.
  • The minerals which are present in Raw Rice are calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium.

Due to the presence of these chemical components, minerals, and vitamins, rice is an essential part of human health which can able to balance between body health as well as mental health. Few benefits of these components are:

  • Provide instant energy
  • Strengthen bones
  • Prevent constipation
  • Helps to maintain blood pressure
  • Prevents risk of urino-genital infections
  • Promotes brain development

Indian Raw Rice is differentiated under Basmati and Non-Basmati Categories.

Indian Market Value on Raw Rice

The Government of India has launched Agricultural Marketing Information Network Scheme through Directorate of Marketing & Information (DMI) to bring out improvement in the present market information scenario by linking all agricultural produce in the wholesale markets of the States and Union Territories. The data received from markets is being displayed on the concerned website.

In the year 2015, the Government of India set up a procurement mechanism for Raw Rice Price to ensure farmers get the minimum support price (MSP).

Presently, according to the policy of the Indian Government, it is compulsory for millers must supply up to 25 percent of their annual production for the public distribution system at a rate fixed by the Government.

Rice production has increased 3.5 times in the last 60 years. The production of Raw Rice in India was 172.8 million metric tons in the current fiscal year. The increasing Indian population has grown the demand of rice production and consumption. There was a consistent increased in the yield of the rice in past three consecutive years in a row.

Global Market Value on Raw Rice

The Global Rice Market will be anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 0.8 percent during the forecast period of 2019 to 2024. Every year 700 million metric tons of rice are produced on the global level.

India is the largest exporter of rice in the world. It accounts for almost 24 percent of the total global rice exports.

Major exporting countries of the rice from India are Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nigeria, Brazil, Philippines, Malaysia, Persian Gulf countries, and some African countries. Nigeria is actively promoting domestic production. Along with this, Parboiled Rice is particularly popular in Nigeria.

The increasing demand for the high nutritional rice is the dominating factor boosting the growth of the global Rice Raw market. Global Raw Rice Market size has increased in the last financial year 2018 to 2019.

USA rice consumption has risen sharply over 25 years. India has a great market share in the USA rice industry.

Road Ahead

60 Percent of the world’s population consumes this rice. The maximum production of the rice is in the Asian and Pacific region of the world. Out of this, 90 percent of the population of Southeast Asia produce and consume rice. India is the second-largest rice production and consumption country after China around the world. According to the market watch, India has led the Raw Rice World market after China. The rice is used globally not in the sense of eating uncooked rice; people also used other terms such as white rice, brown rice, and parboiled rice, etc.

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